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Select Bibliography

This bibliography is divided into two sections, providing I. General Reference on monasticism, epigraphy, and landscape archaeology, and more specific information on II. Beni Hassan. The lists will be updated on a regular basis, so check back for additional sources.

I. General Reference

Anschuetz, K.F., R.H. Wilshusen, and C.L. Scheick. 2001. An Archaeology of Landscapes: Perspectives and Directions. Journal of Archaeological Research 9: 157–211.


Ashmore, W. 2007. Social Archaeologies of Landscape. In A Companion to Social Archaeology, edited by L. Meskell and R.W. Preucel, 255–71. Oxford: Blackwell.


Ashmore, W. and A.B. Knapp, eds. 1999. Archaeologies of Landscape: Contemporary Perspectives. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell

Baird, J.A. and C. Taylor. 2011. Ancient Graffiti in Context: Introduction. In Ancient Graffiti in Context, edited by J.A. Baird and C. Taylor, 1–19. New York: Routledge.


Bolman, E.S. 2007. Depicting the Kingdom of Heaven: Paintings and Monastic Practice in Late Antique Egypt. In Egypt in the Byzantine World, 300–700, edited by R.S.

  Bagnall, 408–433. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Brooks Hedstrom, D.L. 2007. Divine Architects: Designing the Monastic Dwelling Place. In Egypt in the Byzantine World, 300–700, edited by R.S. Bagnall, 368–389.

  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Caner, D.E. 2010. History and Hagiography from the Late Antique Sinai. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, Liverpool


Chippendale, C. 2001. Studying Ancient Pictures as Pictures. In Handbook of Rock Art Research, edited by D.S. Whitley, 247–272. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press.


Dahari, U. 2000. Monastic Settlements in South Sinai in the Byzantine Period: The Archaeological Remains. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority.


David, B. and J. Thomas, eds. 2010. Handbook of Landscape Archaeology. Walnut Creek, Calif.: Left Coast Press.


Davies, J.K. and J.J. Wilkes. Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Finkelstein, I. and A. Ovadiah. 1985. Byzantine Monastic Remains in the Southern Sinai. Dumbarton Oaks Papers 39: 39–75.

Kaczynski, B. (ed.). Forthcoming. Oxford Handbook of Christian Monasticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


McLean, B.H. 2011. An Introduction to Greek Epigraphy of the Hellenistic and Roman Periods from Alexander the Great down to the Reign of Constantine (323 B.C. –

  A.D. 337). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.


Patrich, J. 2004. Monastic Landscapes. In Recent Research on the Late Antique Countryside, edited by W. Bowden, L. Lavan, and C. Machado, 413–446. Leiden: Brill.


van Loon, G. and A. Delattre. 2014. Patterns of Monastic Habitation on the East Bank of the Nile in Middle Egypt: Dayr al-Dik, Dayr Abū Ḥinnis, and al-Shaykh Sa'id. With

  an Appendix on InscriptionsJournal of Coptic Studies 16: 235–278.

Wilkinson, T.J. 2003. Archaeological Landscapes of the Near East. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.


Yale Egyptological Institute. 2006. Wadi al-Natrun Project (accessed 8 May 2016).


Yale Egyptological Institute. 2006. White Monastery Project (accessed 8 May 2016).


Yasin, A.M. 2015. Prayers on Site: The Materiality of Devotional Graffiti and the Production of Early Christian Sacred Space. In Viewing Inscriptions in the Late

  Antique and Medieval World, edited by A. Eastmond, 36–60. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

II. Beni Hassan

Atzler, M. 1972. Ein ägyptisches Reliefbruchstück des Königs Alexander IV. Antike Kunst 15: 120–121.


Badawy, A. 1953. Les Premiers établissements chrétiens dans les anciennes tombes d'Egypte. In Tome commémoratif du millénaire de la Bibliothèque patriarcate

  d'Alexandrie, edited by T.D. Mosconas and C. Garbett, 67–89. Alexandria: Imprimerie du Commerce.


Brand, P. 2000. The Monuments of Seti I: Epigraphic, Historical, and Art Historical Analysis. Leiden: Brill.


Bucking, S. 2014. Now You See It, Now You Don’t: The Dynamics of Archaeological and Epigraphic Landscapes from Coptic Egypt. In Archaeologies of Text: Archaeology,

  Technology, and Ethics, edited by M.M. Kersel and M.T. Rutz, 60–80. Oxford: Oxbow Books. Also available online from click here.


Champollion, J.-F. 1889. Hypogées de Béni-Hassan. In Monuments de l’Égypte et de la Nubie. Notices descriptives. Tome ii, 334–436. Paris: F. Didot frères. Also available

  online from the University of Heidelberg: click here.


Coquin, R.-G. and M. Martin. 1991. Beni Hasan and Speos Artemidos. In The Coptic Encyclopedia, Volume 2, edited by A.S. Atiya, 334–335. New York: Macmillan. Also

  available online from the Claremont Colleges Digital Library, California: click here.


Fairman, H.W. and B. Grdseloff. 1947. Texts of Hatshepsut and Sethos I Inside Speos Artemidos. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 33: 12–33.


Fakhry, A. 1939. A New Speos from the Reign of Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III at Beni-Ḥasan. Annales du service des antiquités de l'Égypte 39: 709–723.


Garstang, J. 1907. The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as Illustrated by Tombs of the Middle Kingdom. London: Constable. Also available online (USA only) from

  HathiTrust Digital Library: click here.


Granger, C. 1745. Relation du voyage fait en Egypte, par le sieur Granger, en l'année 1730. Paris: Chez Jacques Vincent.


Holthoer, R. 1976. Coptic Graffiti in Speos Artemidos. Studia Orientalia 45: 97–99.


Jones, M. 1993. Beni Hassan el-Qadim: A Christian Village in Middle Egypt. In Alexandrian Studies in Memoriam Daoud Abdu Daoud, edited by N. Swelim, 163–172.

  Alexandria: Société Archéologique d'Alexandrie.


Joumard, E.-F. 1822. Description des antiquités de l’Heptanomide. In Description de l'Égypte. Seconde édition. Tome IV: Antiquités—Descriptions, 285–415. Paris:

  Imprimerie de C. L. F. Panckoucke. Also available online from the Bibliothèque nationale de France: click here.


Junge, F. 1975. Beni Hassan. In Lexikon der Ägyptologie, Band I, edited by W. Helck and E. Otto, 695–698. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz.


Klemm, R. and D.D. Klemm. 2008. Stones and Quarries in Ancient Egypt. London: British Museum Press.


Lepsius, R. 1904. Benihassan. In Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien. Text. Zweiter Band: Mittelaegypten mit dem Faijum, 69–108. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrich. Also available

  online from click here.


Lepsius, R. 1904. Speos Artemidos. In Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien. Text. Zweiter Band: Mittelaegypten mit dem Faijum, 108–112. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrich. Also

  available online from click here.


Martin, M. 1971. La laure de Dêr al Dîk à Antinoé. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire


Newberry, P.E. 1893. Beni Hasan, Parts I–II. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd. Available online from University of Heidelberg: for Part I click here and for

  Part II click here.


Naville, M., P.E. Newberry, and G.W. Fraser. 1891. The Season's Work at Ahnas and Beni Hasan, 1890–1891. London: Gilbert and Rivington Ltd. Also available online from click here.


Porter, B. and R.L.B. Moss. 1968. Beni Hasan and Speos Artemidos. In Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings: IV. Lower

  and Middle Egypt, 141–165. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Also available online from the Griffith Institute, Oxford: click here.


Spanel, D. 2001. Beni Hasan. In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, Volume 1, edited by D.B. Redford, 175–177. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Timm, S. 1991. Speos Artemidos. In Das christlich-koptische Ägypten in arabischer Zeit, Teil 5, 2382-2384. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag.

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